Title: Restoration of hair growth by surgical implantation of follicular dermal sheath.
Authors: Horne KA, Jahoda CA
Journal: Development 1992 Nov;116(3):563-71
PMID: 1289054, UI: 93170164
Affiliated institution: Department of Biological Sciences, University of Dundee, Scotland.
The capacity of lower follicle dermal sheath to restore hair growth was tested by removing the lower halves of follicles, and then immediately implanting material containing dermal sheath cells from these bases, into the remaining upper epidermal follicle cavity. Over 60% of recipient follicles produced stout emergent vibrissa fibres and some operations resulted in multiple hair production from a single follicle. Histological examination revealed new dermal papillae within large bulb structures which were sited below the level of amputation–a feature that indicated that the new dermal papilla was derived from implanted material. For many follicles, the failure to produce emergent fibres could be accounted for after histological examination. These results provide clear evidence that lower follicle dermal sheath cells are capable of replacing those of the dermal papilla and it shows that they can do so in the context of the upper follicle. However, because elements of lower follicle epidermis were present in the implant material, the interactive sequence of events cannot be established. Dermal sheath cells have immense potential for papilla cell replacement: questions remain as to whether the distinction between sheath and papilla cells is one of context, or whether the transition requires specific external influences.